Articles by Lloyd Gardner:
Climate Change and the U.S. Virgin Islands

By Lloyd Gardner First published as an Op-ed in the Virgin Islands Source on March 2, 2012 An October 2011 Associated Press article on climate change stated that a leading skeptic of climate change, after conducting his own study, concluded that the earth’s surface temperature is rising. This was notable because this particular climate skeptic, Richard Muller, is said to […]

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Environmental Impact Assessment and Development Planning in the Caribbean

By Lloyd Gardner   March 1, 2012 Environmental impact assessment (EIA) can be defined simply as a mechanism for identifying the likely environmental impacts of an action.  Within the Caribbean, EIA is used in two basic ways; (i) as an evaluation tool for identifying the environmental impacts of specific projects, and (ii) as a process for facilitating public participation in […]

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Urban Green Spaces and Development in the Insular Caribbean

By Lloyd Gardner   January 1, 2012 Green spaces were traditionally included in urban development to achieve objectives such as aesthetics (verges and gardens), provision of recreational opportunities (gardens, camp grounds, playing fields, urban parks), and delineation of particular land uses (e.g. green belts used to demarcate residential areas or set city limits).  Green spaces contribute to an urban community’s […]

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Regional Environmental Information Networks in the Caribbean

By Lloyd Gardner   December 1, 2011 One of the supporting elements of environment and development programmes is the establishment of communication and information sharing mechanisms.  Such mechanisms have evolved to include professional networks and the use of internet-based communication tools.  During the 1980s and 1990s, the establishment of national environmental management agencies, the rapid growth in the number of […]

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Cost of Social Conflicts in Tourism Development in the Caribbean

By Lloyd Gardner   November 1, 2011 The Caribbean community is reminded constantly that the tourism industry produces significant economic benefits to Caribbean economies. Less discussed, but of major concern, are the environmental and social costs associated with Caribbean tourism development.  Though there have been previous attempts to identify the environmental impacts associated with tourism in the Caribbean, the costs […]

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